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Sadržaj ulja divljih plodova različitih biljnih vrsta dobijen konvencionalnom Soxhlet tehnikom ekstrakcije

dc.creatorStanković, Milica
dc.creatorMaksimović, Svetolik
dc.creatorTadić, Vanja
dc.creatorArsić, Ivana A.
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-10T13:38:36Z
dc.date.available2021-03-10T13:38:36Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn0351-6083
dc.identifier.urihttp://TechnoRep.tmf.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3811
dc.description.abstractOils from wild fruits have gained attention due to the presence of the wide variety of natural bioactive lipid components (essential polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterols, lipid-soluble vitamins), which have positive effects on human health. The present study describes the extraction of oils from fruits of different plant species, Sambucus nigra, Prunus spinosa, Sorbus aucuparia and Rosa canina, using the conventional Soxhlet extraction technique with petroleum ether. Before the extraction, mechanical processing of fruit samples (exposure to elevated pressure and temperature) was performed. The yield of oil (%) was expressed as mass of obtained oil per mass of dry plant material (w/w). Moisture content of fruit samples was also determined. Wild fruits showed different moisture contents, ranging from 6.53 to 71.52 g/100 g of fresh weight, in R. canina and S. aucuparia fruits, respectively. S. nigra and P. spinosa fruits revealed similar moisture contents, 68.48 g/100 g and 68.89 g/100 g of fresh weight, respectively. Oil yields of the investigated fruit samples showed statistically significant differences (p lt 0.05) and ranged from 0.38 to 3.22% (w/w) in the R. canina and P. spinosa fruits, respectively. Dry fruits of S. nigra had 2.55% (w/w) of oil, while the oil content in S. aucuparia fruits was 0.68% (w/w). The findings obtained from this study might be useful from the aspect of potential utilization of these wild fruits, in particular fruits of P. spinosa and S. nigra, as raw materials for the extraction of valuable oil for the application in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry.en
dc.description.abstractUlja dobijena iz plodova biljaka sve više dobijaju na značaju, upravo zbog prisustva velikog broja prirodnih, bioaktivnih lipidnih komponenata (esencijalnih, polinezasićenih masnih kiselina, fitosterola, liposolubilnih vitamina), koji ispoljavaju pozitivne efekte na ljudsko zdravlje. U ovom radu opisan je postupak ekstrakcije ulja iz plodova različitih biljnih vrsta (Sambucus nigra, Prunus spinosa, Sorbus aucuparia i Rosa canina), primenom konvencionalne Soxhlet ekstrakcione tehnike sa petrol-etrom. Pre ekstrakcije izvršena je mehanička obrada uzoraka plodova, njihovim izlaganjem povišenom pritisku i temperaturi. Prinos ulja (%) je izražen kao masa dobijenog ulja u odnosu na masu suvog biljnog materijala (w/w). Određen je i sadržaj vlage u uzorcima plodova. Divlji plodovi su se razlikovali po sadržaju vlage, čije su vrednosti bile u granicama od 6,53 g/100 g svežih plodova (R. canina) do 71,52 g/100 g svežih plodova (S. aucuparia). Biljne vrste S. nigra i P. spinosa pokazale su sličan sadržaj vlage u plodovima, i to 68,48 g/100 g i 68,89 g/100 g svežih plodova. Prinosi ulja ispitivanih uzoraka plodova razlikovali su se statistički značajno (p lt 0,05), a vrednosti su bile od 0,38% (kod R. canina plodova) do 3,22% (plodovi P. spinosa). Kod suvih plodova S. nigra dobijeni prinos ulja je iznosio 2,55%, dok je sadržaj ulja u plodovima S. aucuparia iznosio 0,68%. Dobijeni rezultati su korisni zbog mogućnosti upotrebe ispitivanih divljih plodova, naročito plodova P. spinosa i S. nigra (imale su najveći sadržaj ulja), kao polaznih sirovina za ekstrakciju biljnog ulja za primenu u prehrambenoj, kozmetičkoj i farmaceutskoj industriji.sr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Nišu - Medicinski fakultet, Niš
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/45017/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceActa Facultatis Medicae Naissensis
dc.subjectwild fruitsen
dc.subjectmoisture contenten
dc.subjectSoxhlet extractionen
dc.subjectoil yieldsen
dc.subjectpractical application of oilsen
dc.subjectdivlji plodovisr
dc.subjectsadržaj vlagesr
dc.subjectSoxhlet ekstrakcijasr
dc.subjectprinos uljasr
dc.subjectpraktična primena uljasr
dc.titleThe oil content of wild fruits from different plant species obtained by conventional Soxhlet extraction techniqueen
dc.titleSadržaj ulja divljih plodova različitih biljnih vrsta dobijen konvencionalnom Soxhlet tehnikom ekstrakcijesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dc.citation.epage200
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.other35(3): 193-200
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.citation.spage193
dc.citation.volume35
dc.identifier.doi10.2478/afmnai-2018-0021
dc.identifier.rcubconv_280
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85062596359
dc.identifier.wos000568686500004
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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