Surface modifications of biometallic commercially pure Ti and Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy by picosecond Nd:YAG laser
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The effects of picosecond Nd:YAG laser irradiation on chemical and morphological surface characteristics of the commercially pure titanium and Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy in air and argon atmospheres were studied under different laser output energy values. During the interaction of laser irradiation with the investigated materials, a part of the energy was absorbed on the target surface, influencing surface modifications. Laser beam interaction with the target surface resulted in various morphological alterations, resulting in crater formation and the presence of microcracks and hydrodynamic structures. Moreover, different chemical changes were induced on the target materials' surfaces, resulting in the titanium oxide formation in the irradiation-affected area and consequently increasing the irradiation energy absorption. Given the high energy absorption at the site of interaction, the dimensions of the surface damaged area increased. Consequently, surface roughness increased. The appearance of... surface oxides also led to the increased material hardness in the surface-modified area. Observed chemical and morphological changes were pronounced after laser irradiation of the Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy surface.
Keywords:commercially pure titanium / Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy / surface modification / Nd / YAG laser / laser-induced damage / hard oxidized surface
Source:International Journal of Minerals Metallurgy and Materials, 2021
- Springer, New York