Microstructures and mechanical properties of creep resistant steel for application at elevated temperatures
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The subject of this paper is the microstructural and mechanical characterisation of regions of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) in steels containing 9-12% Cr that are used for operation at elevated temperatures. Tests were performed on regions in the HAZ, which was created by physical simulation using a thermal welding simulator. Half of the simulated samples (SSs) were tested at room temperature (RT) and at an operating temperature (OT) of 600 degrees C immediately after simulation/welding, while the rest of the simulated samples were tested at RT and at the OT after heat treatment following the welding, i.e., post-weld heat treatment (PWHT). In addition to the results from mechanical testing, the results from microstructural analysis using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) are also presented. The manner in which PWHT contributes to the creep resistance of the HAZ in P91 steel is demonstrated.
Source:Materials & Design, 2013, 46, 660-667
- Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
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