Trace analysis of selected hormones and sterols in river sediments by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry
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In this paper, development and optimization of new LC-MS method for determination of twenty selected hormones, human/animal and plant sterols in river sediments were described. Sediment samples were prepared using ultrasonic extraction and clean up with silica gel/anhydrous sodium sulphate cartridge. Extracts were analyzed by liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-tandem mass spectrometry, with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization. The optimized extraction parameters were extraction solvent (methanol), weight of the sediment (2g) and time of ultrasonic extraction (3x 10 min). Successful chromatographic separation of hormones (estriol and estrone, 17 alpha- and 17 beta-estradiol) and four human/animal sterols (epicoprostanol, coprostanol, alpha-cholestanol and beta-cholestanol) that have identical fragmentation reactions was achieved. The developed and optimized method provided high recoveries (73-118%), low limits of detection (0.8-18 ng g(-1)) and quantification (2.5-60 ng g(-1)) w...ith the RSDs generally lower than 20%. Applicability of the developed method was confirmed by analysis of six river sediment samples. A widespread occurrence of human/animal and plant sterols was found. The only detected hormone was mestranol in just one sediment sample.
Keywords:Steroids / Hormones / Sterols / Sediments / LC-MS
Source:Journal of Chromatography A, 2014, 1364, 117-127
- Elsevier, Amsterdam
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