Mechanochemically assisted solid-state and citric acid complex syntheses of Cu-doped sodium cobaltite ceramicsh
Savić, Slavica M.
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In the last decade, the sodium cobaltite ceramic became a promising candidate for potential thermoelectric applications, because of its large thermopower and low resistivity. In this work, polycrystalline samples of NaCo(2-x)CuxO(4) (x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05) were prepared using mechanochemically assisted solid-state reaction method (MASSR) and the citric acid complex method (CAC). Bulk samples were prepared by pressing into disc-shaped pellets and subsequently subjected to a thermal treatment at 880 degrees C in inert argon atmosphere. Changes in structural and microstructural characteristics of the samples, caused by the substitution of Cu for Co, were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The results of inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis showed that the compositions of the final products correspond to gamma-NaCo2O4 and confirmed that desired compound was obtained in both syntheses procedures. The advantages ...and disadvantages of these two syntheses procedures have been observed and discussed: the CAC method enabled obtaining samples with higher density and fine microstructure compared to the MASSR method, thus better thermoelectric properties. The Cu2+ substitution led to the increase in Seebeck coefficient in both synthesis routes. The highest figure of merit of 0.022 at 300 K was observed for the sample doped with 1 mol% Cu, obtained by the CAC method, and it was almost twice higher than in the undoped sample confirming the significant influence of Cu-doping with even small concentrations.
Keywords:Ceramics / Chemical synthesis / Mechanochemical processing / Thermoelectric
Source:Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2015, 640, 480-487
- Elsevier Science Sa, Lausanne
Funding / projects:
- info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/45007/RS// (RS-45007)