In vitro cell response to Co-containing 1393 bioactive glass
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Horch, Raymund E.
Boccaccini, Aldo R.
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Cobalt ions are known to stimulate angiogenesis via inducing hypoxic conditions and hence are interesting agents to be used in conjunction with bioactive glasses (BGs) in bone tissue engineering approaches. In this work we investigated in vitro cell biocompatibility of Co releasing 1393 BG composition (in wt.%: 53SiO(2), 6Na(2)O, 12K(2)O, 5MgO, 20CaO, and 4P(2)O(5)) derived scaffolds with osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) and human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (hDMECs). Cell viability, cell number and cell morphology of osteoblast-like cells in contact with particulate glass and 3D scaffolds were assessed showing good biocompatibility of 1393 reference material and with 1 wt.% CoO addition whereby 5 wt.% of CoO in the glass showed cytotoxicity. Furthermore for 1393 with 1 wt.% of CoO increased mitochondrial activity was measured. Similar observations were made with hDMECs: while 1393 and 1393 with 1 wt.% CoO were biocompatible and the endothelial phenotype was retained, 5 wt.% Co...O containing BG showed cytotoxic effects after 1 week of cell culture. In conclusion, 1 wt.% Co containing BG was biocompatible with osteoblast like cells and endothelial cells and showed slightly stimulating effects on osteoblast-like cells whereas the addition of 5 wt.% CoO seems to exceed the vital therapeutic ranges of Co ions being released in physiological fluids.
Кључне речи:Cobalt / Bioactive glass / Angiogenesis / Endothelial cells
Извор:Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications, 2015, 57, 157-163
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam
Финансирање / пројекти:
- Emerging Fields Initiative (EFI) of the University of Erlangen-Nurnberg [Tech_06 TOPbiomat]