Biodegradation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) using whole cells and cell free protein preparations of Pseudomonas and Streptomyces strains grown on waste cooking oil
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O'Connor, Kevin E.
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Petrochemical plastics are generally recalcitrant to microbial degradation and accumulate in the environment. Biodegradable polymers obtained synthetically like poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) or poly-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA), obtained biotechnologically, have shown great potential as a replacement for petroleum-based plastics. Nevertheless, their biodegradation and environmental faith have been less examined. In this study, thin films of PCL (200 mu m) and medium chain length PHA (mcl-PHA, 70 M fraction of 3-hydroxyoctanoate and 30 M fraction of 3-hydroxydecanoate, 600 mu m) were exposed to total protein preparations (extracellular proteins combined with a crude cell extract) of soil isolates Pseudomonas chiororaphis B-561 and Streptomyces sp. BV315 that had been grown on waste cooking oil as a sole carbon source. Biodegradation potential of two polyesters was evaluated in buffer with total protein preparations and in a laboratory compost model system augmented with selected bacteria.... Overall, PCL showed better biodegradation properties in comparison to mcl-PHA. Both materials showed surface erosion after 4-weeks of exposure to total protein preparations of both strains, with a moderate weight loss of 1.3% when P. chlororaphis13-561 was utilized. In laboratory compost model system PCL and mcl-PHA showed significant weight loss ranging from 13 to 17% when Streptomyces sp. BV315 culture was used. Similar weight loss of PCL and mcl-PHA was achieved for 4 and 8 weeks, respectively indicating slower degradation of mcl-PHA. Growth on waste cooking oil as a sole carbon source increased the potential of both tested strains to degrade PCL and mcl-PHA, making them good candidates for augmentation of compost cultures in waste management of both waste cooking oils and biodegradable polymers.
Keywords:Biopolymers / Enzymes / Pseudomonas / Streptomyces / Biodegradation / Compost
Source:Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2019, 162, 160-168
- Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
Funding / projects:
- info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/173048/RS// (RS-173048)
- info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/172062/RS// (RS-172062)
- Peer reviewed manuscript: http://technorep.tmf.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/5040