Optimization of modifier deposition on the alumina surface to enhance mechanical properties and cavitation resistance
AuthorsAshor, Almabrok A.
Vuksanović, Marija M.
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Composites based on poly(methyl methacrylate), dimethyl itaconate matrix and alumina particles were prepared. Ferrous oxide-doped alumina particles (Al2O3Fe) and commercial alumina nanoparticles (Al(2)O(3)n) modified with (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (AM) and methyl esters of linseed oil fatty acids (biodiesel-BD) were used as reinforcement. The mechanical properties of the prepared composites, containing 1, 3 and 5 wt% of surface-modified alumina particles, are compared to a neat polymer matrix. The particles were characterized by single-beam Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. The mechanical properties of the composites were determined by micro-Vickers hardness and impact testing. The morphology of the surface of the composites exposed to cavitation was observed through a field emission scanning electron microscope. AFM analysis was used to compare surface features seen using the SEM and to interpret the surface degradat...ion properties. The hardness, cavitation resistance and high-impact energy resistance of the composites are better in the case of AM surface modification of alumina fillers, but biodiesel modified particles have comparable mechanical properties and a stabilized Al-O-Si bond that could be important when a composite is exposed to humidity or a wet environment.
Keywords:Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs) / Mechanical properties / Cavitation erosion / Impact testing / Electron microscopy
Source:Polymer Bulletin, 2020, 77, 7, 3603-3620
- Springer, New York