Biodegradable polyesters based on succinic acid
Biodegradabilni poliestri na bazi ćilibarne kiseline
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Two series of aliphatic polyesters based on succinic acid were synthesized by copolymerization with adipic acid for the first series of saturated polyesters, and with fumaric acid for the second series. Polyesters were prepared starting from the corresponding dimethyl esters and 1,4-butanediol by melt transesterification in the presence of a highly effective catalyst tetra-n-butyl-titanate, Ti(0Bu)4. The molecular structure and composition of the copolyesters was determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy. The effect of copolymer composition on the physical and thermal properties of these random polyesters were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. The degree of crystallinity was determined by DSC and wide angle X-ray. The degrees of crystallinity of the saturated and unsaturated copolyesters were generally reduced with respect to poly(butylene succinate), PBS. The melting temperatures of the saturated polyesters were lower, while the melting temperatures of the unsaturated copo...lyesters were higher than the melting temperature of PBS. The biodegradability of the polyesters was investigated by enzymatic degradation tests. The enzymatic degradation tests were performed in a buffer solution with Candida cylindracea lipase and for the unsaturated polyesters with Rhizopus arrhizus lipase. The extent of biodegradation was quantified as the weight loss of polyester films. Also the surface of the polyester films after degradation was observed using optical microscopy. It could be concluded that the biodegradability depended strongly on the degree of crystallinity, but also on the flexibility of the chain backbone. The highest biodegradation was observed for copolyesters containing 50 mol.% of adipic acid units, and in the series of unsaturated polyesters for copolyesters containing 5 and 10 mol.% of fumarate units. Although the degree of crystallinity of the unsaturated polyesters decreased slightly with increasing unsaturation, the biodegradation was not enhanced suggesting that not only the chemical structure and molecular stiffness but also the morphology of the spherulites influenced the biodegradation properties.
U radu su prikazane dve serije alifatskih biodegradabilnih kopoliestara na bazi ćilibarne kiseline: zasićenih kopoliestara sa adipinskom i nezasićenih sa fumarnom kiselinom. Izučavan je uticaj sastava i strukture kopoliestara na fizička, termička i biodegradabilna svojstva ovih alifatskih kopoliestara. Biodegradabilnost polimera je ispitivana metodom enzimske razgradnje. Zasićeni alifatski kopoliestri ćilibarne kiseline pokazali su bolju biodegradabilnost u odnosu na nezasićene. Utvrdenoje da na biodegradabilnost zasićenih kopoliestara pored stepena kristaliničnosti utiče i krutost polimernih lanaca, dok je kod nezasićenih poliestara uticaj morfologije sferulita dominantan. Najveću biodegradabilnost u seriji zasićenih poliestara je pokazao poliestar sa 50 mol.% ostataka adipinske kiseline, dok su u seriji nezasićenih poliestara najveću biodegradabilnost imali kopoliestari sa 5 i 10 mol.% fumarne kiseline.
Ključne reči:enzymatic degradation / aliphatic copolyesters / poly(butylene succinate) / poly(butylene succinate-co-butylene adipate) / poly(butylene succinate-co-butylene fumarate) / lipase / enzimska degradacija / alifatski kopoliesteri / poli(butilensukcinat) / poli(butilen sukcinat-co-butilen adipat) / poli(butilen sukcinat-co-butilen fumarat) / lipaze
Izvor:Hemijska industrija, 2003, 57, 11, 526-535
- Association of Chemical Engineers of Serbia
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