Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Satureja montana L. collected in Serbia and Montenegro
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The chemical composition of the essential oil of Satureja montana L. subsp. montana (Lamiaceae), obtained from the air-dried plant material by hydrodistillation, was analyzed using GC and GUMS. The major components were thymol (33.4%) and p-cymene (28.8%). The essential oil was tested against five bacterial species by the agar well diffusion technique. All of the bacteria are potential skin contaminants. The oil and its 5% solution in ethanol showed antimicrobial activity against all of the tested bacteria. The most susceptible organisms were Corynebacterium sp., while the most resistant organism was Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Keywords:Satureja montana / Lamiaceae / essential oil composition / antimicrobial activity / thymol / p-cymene
Source:Journal of Essential Oil Research, 2005, 17, 4, 462-465
- Allured Publ Corp, Carol Stream